The Coalition for the International Criminal Court and its members are calling on Indonesia to take all necessary steps to accede to the Rome Statute of the ICC as soon as possible. In 2004 the Indonesian government issued a National Human Rights Action Plan which included as one of its chief objectives accession to the Statute by 2008. Although this deadline has now passed, the government has maintained that they are committed to moving forward with the process.
Asia remains as an underrepresented region at the ICC, with only Afghanistan, Mongolia, Cambodia, Timor Leste, Tajikistan, Republic of Korea, and Japan as States Parties to the Treaty. Having Indonesia join this new system of international justice will grant the region a stronger voice and more a meaningful role in making this historic institution- the first permanent, independent court capable of investigating and bringing to justice individuals who commit war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide- a truly effective mechanism for the protection of human rights and the rule of law.
Take Action Now!
Write a letter to the President to encourage him to stay on track and accede to the Statute as soon as possible!!
You might like to use the following letter as a guide. Please be sure to “cc” all contacts below when sending your letters.
Send your letter to:
H.E. Mr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
President of the Republic of Indonesia
T +62 21 3458592 F +62 21 3452555 / +62 21 231438
H.E. Mr. Andi Mattalata
Minister of Law and Human Rights
F +62 21 5253095 / +62 21 5263082
H.E. Mr. Noer Hassan Wirajuda
Minister of Foreign Affairs
F +62 21 3855481 / +62 21 380551
H.E. Mr. H.R. Agung Laksono
Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia
F +62 21 5715637
I am writing to urge you to ensure Indonesia’s ratification of the Rome Statute of the ICC as soon as possible. The Court’s investigations in Uganda, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan signify that it is moving forward in its crucial work to end impunity for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Indonesia’s support for this new and vital system of international justice by acceding to the Rome Statute is therefore of the utmost importance.
The Rome Statute came into force in July 2002 and now has the support of well over half of the world’s nations. With the Cook Island’s accession in July 2008, 108 states have now acceded to or ratified the treaty, and 139 are signatories. The new system of international justice, of which the International Criminal Court is a cornerstone, aims to ensure that the most serious international crimes no longer go unpunished. Support from countries around the globe is crucial to building, strengthening, and ensuring the success of this new justice system.
The ICC’s jurisdiction is not retroactive. The Court only has jurisdiction over crimes committed by nationals of states that have ratified the Rome Statute, as well as over crimes committed on the territory of states that have ratified the treaty since its entry into force on 1 July 2002. The ICC was also designed to complement existing national judicial systems and can only investigate cases when a country is unable or unwilling to try suspects in its national courts.
Although Indonesia did not sign the Rome Statute, in 2004 the government adopted a National Action Plan on Human Rights (RANHAM) for 2004-2009 stating its intention to accede to the Statute by 2008. Although this deadline has passed, the government has maintained that they are committed to moving forward with the process. Both the Prosecutor of the ICC, Mr. Luis Moreno Ocampo, and the President of the Court, Judge Song Sang-hyun, have visited the country and met with key government officials who have expressed the country’s commitment to ending impunity, strengthening the rule of law and promoting human rights. I encourage Your Excellency to continue prioritizing ratification of the Rome Statute in order to ensure that this process concludes before the finalization of the Human Rights Plan in 2009 and that the progress made towards Indonesian accession to the Rome Statute is not lost.
I urge your Excellency to use your good offices to ensure that the Ministry of Law and Human Rights submits the ratification bill to the Parliament as soon as possible. This crucial step will allow Indonesia to continue its path toward becoming a State Party to the Rome Statute. Prompt ratification will enable Indonesia to participate in the highly important Review Conference of the ICC, which will take place in June 2010 and thus engage in the process leading to the adoption of a definition for the crime of aggression. Moreover, as a State Party, Indonesia will also be able to participate in judiciary and other elections at the Court.
I strongly encourage Indonesia to take this opportunity to formally join the ICC this year and by doing so express its ongoing support for justice and human rights.