The Rio Group is an international organization of Latin American states. It arose in 1986 as an alternative body to the Organization of American States. The Rio Group does not have a secretariat or permanent body. Member States include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
The major objectives of this mechanism were established in the Declaration of Rio de Janeiro in 1986 and include: to expand and systematize political cooperation among the member states; to examine international issues which may be of interest and coordinate common positions on these issues; to promote more efficient operation and coordination of Latin American cooperation and integration organizations; to present appropriate solutions to the problems and conflicts affecting the region; to provide momentum, through dialogue and cooperation, to the initiatives and actions undertaken to improve inter-American relations; and to explore jointly new fields of cooperation which enhance economic, social, scientific and technological development.