Credit: Nations Online
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European civil society and governments, including the European Union and its Member States, are among the Court’s staunchest supporters and have played absolutely crucial roles in the historic establishment of the ICC. Europe and the Central Asian Republics today have 42 States Parties, 6 signatories (Armenia, Krygyzstan, the principality of Monaco, the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) and 6 non-signatories (Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazhakstan, Turkmenistan, and Turkey and the Holy See) to the ICC.
Eighteen European countries have completed cooperation legislation and updated their criminal codes so that they are in harmony with the Rome Statute (Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Lichtenstein, Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom).
The Coalition has a network of almost 300 member organizations in Europe and, in close cooperation with CICC’s regional office in Brussels, these NGOs organize campaigns to promote the ratification of the ICC treaty in the European region and beyond, raising awareness of the Court’s mandate and role, giving training to local NGOs on the ICC, organizing roundtables on the implementation of the Rome Statute, and other events to support the fight against impunity through the ICC.
List of Subregions
Western Europe and EU Members
Almost all the countries in this sub-region are states parties to the ICC, with the exception of Monaco and the Vatican City State. The Coalition’s work in this region is focused on encouraging ratification by the remaining non-states parties and developing the implementing legislation of states parties. The implementation process takes time and several countries have adopted flawed legislation; as such, full harmonization has yet to be reached. The Coalition's Europe Office works closely with national networks to ensure that implementing processes are open, transparent, and involve civil society.
Russian Federation and Eastern Europe
Moldova is the only State Party from this sub-region. The main focus of the Coalition’s efforts in the Russian Federation and Eastern Europe relate to promoting ratification and encouraging these countries to draft implementing legislation by developing civil society campaigns as well as working with governments.
South Caucasus and Central Asia
Georgia and Tajikistan are the only States Parties to the ICC from this sub-region. The Coalition engages in a combination of implementation and ratification-related work in the South Caucuses and Central Asia. The Georgian Coalition for the ICC carried out substantial work to promote the full implementation of the Rome Statute by Georgia. The Georgian Coalition decided, when its objective was achieved in 2003, to promote the development of a South Caucasian Coalition for the ICC (Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan), to use its acquired experience and promote ratification and implementation of the Rome Statute in the other two countries of the region. The CICC is currently working with local NGOs in all three countries.
South Eastern Europe
All the countries in this sub-region, with the exception of Turkey, are states parties to the ICC. The Coalition is working with NGOs in Albania, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to develop a Balkan coalition for the ICC.