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Cases & Situations
The International Criminal Court will deal with a number of situations at any time and within these situations a number of cases and accused.
Since his swearing in June 2003, the Prosecutor (OTP) has received and analyzed information about alleged crimes in many conflicts around the world and subsequently initiated a few investigations. Situations can be referred to the Court by a State Party to the Rome Statute, the UN Security Council, and the Prosecutor through his/her proprio motu power. The Court may then exercise its jurisdiction over the matter if either the State in whose territory the crime was committed (Territorial Jurisdiction), or the State of the nationality of the accused, is a party to the Statute (Active Nationality Jurisdiction). Non-States Parties may accept the Court’s jurisdiction on an ad hoc basis. When a matter is referred by the Security Council, the Court has jurisdiction regardless of whether the State concerned is a party to the ICC treaty.
Following state referrals by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Uganda, the Central African Republic, UN Security Council referrals of the situation of Darfur, Sudan and Libya to the Court, and the authorization from ICC Judges to open an investigation on the Prosecutor’s initiative in the situations of Kenya and Côte d’Ivoire, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) is currently conducting seven investigations. The Court will have to meet the highest standards of independence, effectiveness and fairness expected by the international community.
In addition to the seven ongoing investigations in Sudan, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Kenya, Libya and Côte d’Ivoire, the ICC Prosecutor’s office is reportedly analyzing a number of other situations on different continents including Afghanistan, Chad, Colombia, Georgia, Guinea, Honduras, Nigeria, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, and the Republic of Korea. To date the OTP has published the conclusions of its preliminary examination into alleged crimes committed in Iraq and Venezuela.
In this section, you will find documents relating to current ICC cases and situations:
Central African Republic
Democratic Republic of Congo
This section also includes Court developments in relation to other countries.
Please Note: The Coalition for the ICC is not an organ of the Court. The Coalition as a whole, and its secretariat, do not endorse or promote specific investigations or prosecutions or take a position on situations before the ICC. The Coalition will continue to provide the most up-to-date information about the ICC and to help coordinate global action to effectively implement the Rome Statute of the ICC. The Coalition will also endeavor to respond to basic queries and to raise awareness about the ICC’s trigger mechanisms and procedures, as they develop. Individual CICC members, however, may endorse referrals, provide legal and other support on investigations, or develop partnerships with local and other organizations in the course of their efforts.
The Coalition will post information on an individual case or situation once the ICC has officially received a referral, assigned the situation to a Pre-Trial Chamber, and/or posted information on that situation on its own website.